Something Old, Something New: Luke 5:33-39

Something Old, Something New
Luke 5:33-39

1. The Inquiry about Jesus’ ministry
33 And they said to him, “The disciples of John fast often and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink.” 
Luke 5:33 (ESV)

2. The Interpretation of Jesus’ ministry
34  And Jesus said to them, “Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? 35  The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in those days.” Luke 5:34-35 (ESV)

3. The Illustrations that describe Jesus’ ministry
36  He also told them a parable: “No one tears a piece from a new garment and puts it on an old garment. If he does, he will tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old. 37  And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. 38  But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins. 39  And no one after drinking old wine desires new, for he says, ‘The old is good.’” Luke 5:36-39 (ESV); Matthew 5:17; Hebrews 8:13; Romans 7:6.

Jesus’ illustrations reveal His ministry in light of the New Covenant.                

Jesus’ illustrations reveal the incorrect applications of the New Covenant in relation to that of the Old.
Hebrews 8:6-13 (ESV)

25  I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. 26  And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27  And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. Ezekiel 36:25-27 (ESV)

Jesus’ first illustration reveals an incorrect application by implementing ideas of the New Covenant to the structure of the Old.

Jesus’ second illustration reveals an incorrect application by implementing the Old Covenant thought to the New Covenant system.

Jesus’ third illustration reveals an incorrect application by failing to consider how the Old Covenant is fulfilled in the New Covenant.

The Call of Levi: Luke 5:27-32

The Call of Levi
Luke 5:27-32

1. Jesus’ principle for discipleship
27  After this he went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax booth. And he said to him, “Follow me.” 28  And leaving everything, he rose and followed him. Luke 5:27-28 (ESV)

Discipleship means that Jesus must be the number one priority in an individual’s life.

2. Jesus’ principle for fellowship
29 And Levi made him a great feast in his house, and there was a large company of tax collectors and others reclining at table with them. Luke 5:29 (ESV)

Jesus accepted all individuals as people of worth, understanding that isolation from sinners is not a call of discipleship.

10  For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” Luke 19:10 (ESV)

9 I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people—10 not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. 1 Corinthians 5:9-10 (ESV)

3. Jesus’ principle for sonship
30  And the Pharisees and their scribes grumbled at his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” 31  And Jesus answered them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. 32  I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” Luke 5:30-32 (ESV)

31  but that Israel who pursued a law that would lead to righteousness did not succeed in reaching that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone, Romans 9:31-32 (ESV)

The “healthy” are the self-righteous, alluding to the Pharisees who cannot see their condition, while the “sick” are the sinners who perceive their condition and need for help.

Jesus’ point is that we are all sinners; some recognize it while others do not.

12 But when he heard it, he said, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. 13 Go and learn what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.’ For I came not to call the righteous, but sinners.” Matthew 9:12-13 (ESV)

6 For I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings. Hosea 6:6 (ESV)

7 Just so, I tell you, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance. Luke 15:7 (ESV)

Through the Roof: Luke 5:17-26

Through the Roof
Luke 5:17-26

1. People who do whatever it takes to bring others to Jesus
17 On one of those days, as he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was with him to heal. 18 And behold, some men were bringing on a bed a man who was paralyzed, and they were seeking to bring him in and lay him before Jesus, 19 but finding no way to bring him in, because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down with his bed through the tiles into the midst before Jesus. Luke 5:17-19 (ESV)

These men showed great care in exhibiting persistent, creative, and sacrificial faith in order to bring the paralyzed man to Jesus.

2. People who question the authority of Jesus.
20  And when he saw their faith, he said, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.” 21  And the scribes and the Pharisees began to question, saying, “Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?” 22  When Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answered them, “Why do you question in your hearts? 23  Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk’? Luke 5:20-23 (ESV)

Jesus offered visual validation for the more difficult statement to prove both the authority to forgive sin and to heal paralysis.

3. People who are healed by Jesus
24  But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—he said to the man who was paralyzed—“I say to you, rise, pick up your bed and go home.” 25  And immediately he rose up before them and picked up what he had been lying on and went home, glorifying God. Luke 5:24-25 (ESV)

Wiersbe: If leprosy illustrates the corruption and defilement of sin, then palsy is a picture of the paralysis that sin produces in a life.

4. People who Glorify God in Jesus
26  And amazement seized them all, and they glorified God and were filled with awe, saying, “We have seen extraordinary things today.” Luke 5:26 (ESV)

36  . . . For the works that the Father has given me to accomplish, the very works that I am doing, bear witness about me that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me . . . John 5:36-37 (ESV)

Free from Leprosy/Free from Sin: Luke 5:12-16

Free from Leprosy/Free from Sin
Luke 5:12-16

1. The Leper’s Condition
12  While he was in one of the cities, there came a man full of leprosy . . .  Luke 5:12 (ESV)

Though the leper was not worse or guiltier than his fellow Jews, nevertheless he was a parable of sin—an "outward and visible sign of innermost spiritual corruption." R. C. Trench

5 Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint. 6 From the sole of the foot even to the head, there is no soundness in it, but bruises and sores and raw wounds; they are not pressed out or bound up or softened with oil. Isaiah 1:5-6 (ESV)

2. The Leper’s Request
12   . . . And when he saw Jesus, he fell on his face and begged him, “Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.” Luke 5:12 (ESV)

Here we see the first and fundamental qualification for coming to Jesus—an awareness of one's condition.

The leper knelt flat on his face before Christ in humble prostration. He was fully aware of his hopeless, leprous condition, and yet he believed Christ could heal him.

3. The Savior’s Touch
13  And Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I will; be clean.” And immediately the leprosy left him. Luke 5:13 (ESV)

Jesus wanted the leper to feel the Savior's willingness and sympathy.

21  For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. 2 Corinthians 5:21 (ESV)

22  And he answered them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to them. Luke 7:22 (ESV)

4. The Priest’s Ritual
14 And he charged him to tell no one, but “go and show yourself to the priest, and make an offering for your cleansing, as Moses commanded, for a proof to them.” 
Luke 5:14 (ESV)

This word "charged" involves strong emotion, including anger. The word has the idea of "admonish or to urgently rebuke."

5. The Savior’s Prayerfulness
15 But now even more the report about him went abroad, and great crowds gathered to hear him and to be healed of their infirmities. 16 But he would withdraw to desolate places and pray. Luke 5:15-16 (ESV)

The word "withdraw" is in the imperfect tense which means He frequently or continually did this in His daily life.

Peter's Call to be a Fisher of Men: Luke 5:1-11

Peter’s Call to be a Fisher of Men
Luke 5:1-11

1. The communication before Peter’s call to be a fisher of men
1  On one occasion, while the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret, 2  and he saw two boats by the lake, but the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets. 3  Getting into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, he asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down and taught the people from the boat. Luke 5:1-3 (ESV)

Peter and the other future disciples with him, James and John, were being exposed to kingdom principles before they would be placed with a major decision.

2. The challenge before Peter’s call to be a fisher of men
4 And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.” 5 And Simon answered, “Master, we toiled all night and took nothing! But at your word I will let down the nets.” 6 And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish, and their nets were breaking. 7 They signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. Luke 5:4-7 (ESV)

God's commands are not always logical, practical, or convenient.

8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the LORD. 9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts. Isaiah 55:8-9 (ESV)

3. The confession at Peter’s call to be a fisher of men
8 But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.” 9 For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish that they had taken, Luke 5:8-9 (ESV)

Perceiving Jesus’ power and knowledge, Peter sensed Jesus’ holiness and felt himself exposed.

MacArthur: In the terror of the recognition of his sinfulness, Peter wanted to send the Lord away, but Jesus wanted to draw Peter closer.

5  And I said: “Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!” Isaiah 6:5 (ESV)

4. The commitment in Peter’s call to be a fisher of men
10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men.” 11 And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him. Luke 5:10-11 (ESV)

4 You shall walk after the LORD your God and fear him and keep his commandments and obey his voice, and you shall serve him and hold fast to him. 
Deuteronomy 13:4 (ESV)

The Greek word rendered “catch” literally means “capture alive.”

MacArthur: These men had spent their lives catching fish for the purpose of killing them; now they would spend the rest of their lives catching men to give them life.

Gilgal: Remember God's Faithfulness: Joshua 4

Gilgal: Remember God’s Faithfulness
Joshua 4

1. The Presence and God’s Faithfulness
1   When all the nation had finished passing over the Jordan, the LORD said to Joshua, 2  “Take twelve men from the people, from each tribe a man, 3  and command them, saying, ‘Take twelve stones from here out of the midst of the Jordan, from the very place where the priests’ feet stood firmly, and bring them over with you and lay them down in the place where you lodge tonight.’” Joshua 4:1-3 (ESV)

16  Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? 1 Corinthians 3:16 (ESV)

2. The Unity and God’s Faithfulness
4  Then Joshua called the twelve men from the people of Israel, whom he had appointed, a man from each tribe. 5  And Joshua said to them, “Pass on before the ark of the LORD your God into the midst of the Jordan, and take up each of you a stone upon his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the people of Israel, Joshua 4:4-5 (ESV)

5  so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. Romans 12:5 (ESV)

3. The Memorial of God’s Faithfulness
6  that this may be a sign among you. When your children ask in time to come, ‘What do those stones mean to you?’ 7  then you shall tell them that the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD. When it passed over the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. So these stones shall be to the people of Israel a memorial forever.” Joshua 4:6-7 (ESV)

4. The Warning and God’s Faithfulness
8  And the people of Israel did just as Joshua commanded and took up twelve stones out of the midst of the Jordan, according to the number of the tribes of the people of Israel, just as the LORD told Joshua. And they carried them over with them to the place where they lodged and laid them down there. 9  And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of the Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests bearing the ark of the covenant had stood; and they are there to this day. Joshua 4:8-9 (ESV)

10  For the priests bearing the ark stood in the midst of the Jordan until everything was finished that the LORD commanded Joshua to tell the people, according to all that Moses had commanded Joshua. The people passed over in haste. Joshua 4:10 (ESV)

9 God is faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. 1 Corinthians 1:9 (ESV)

5. The Mission and God’s Faithfulness
22  then you shall let your children know, ‘Israel passed over this Jordan on dry ground.’ 23  For the LORD your God dried up the waters of the Jordan for you until you passed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red Sea, which he dried up for us until we passed over, 24  so that all the peoples of the earth may know that the hand of the LORD is mighty, that you may fear the LORD your God forever.” Joshua 4:22-24 (ESV)

19  Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20  teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” Matthew 28:19-20 (ESV)

The Ministry of Jesus: Luke 4:31-44

The Ministry of Jesus
Luke 4:31-44

1. The teaching of Jesus
31  And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath, 32  and they were astonished at his teaching, for his word possessed authority. Luke 4:31-32 (ESV)

Jesus’ authority in teaching probably relates to His direct explanation of a text as opposed to the endless quotes and allusions to other men by the teachers of the day.

15  Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth. 2 Timothy 2:15 (ESV)

2. The works of Jesus
33  And in the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34  “Ha! What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God.” 35  But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him, having done him no harm. 36  And they were all amazed and said to one another, “What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” 37  And reports about him went out into every place in the surrounding region. 38  And he arose and left the synagogue and entered Simon’s house. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was ill with a high fever, and they appealed to him on her behalf. 39  And he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and immediately she rose and began to serve them. 40  Now when the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and healed them. 41  And demons also came out of many, crying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ. Luke 4:33-41 (ESV)

There is an overarching conflict between the idea of the demonic “unclean” spirit and Jesus who is anointed by the “Holy” Spirit.

8   . . . The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. 1 John 3:8 (ESV)

Jesus also had authority to rebuke sickness, a connection to sin and the corruption that comes from sin in general.

24   . . . And he awoke and rebuked the wind and the raging waves, and they ceased, and there was a calm. Luke 8:24 (ESV)

Jesus’ touch probably reveals personal care, a sign of blessing, a connection between Jesus and the one healed, and a sign of re-creation.

3. The commission of Jesus
42  And when it was day, he departed and went into a desolate place. And the people sought him and came to him, and would have kept him from leaving them, 43  but he said to them, “I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other towns as well; for I was sent for this purpose.” 44  And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea. Luke 4:42-44 (ESV)

Jesus’ commission is to spread the good news of the kingdom. Isaiah 9:6-7

Hometown Prophet: Luke 4:22-30

Hometown Prophet
Luke 4:22-30

1. The rejection of Jesus by His hometown
22  And all spoke well of him and marveled at the gracious words that were coming from his mouth. And they said, “Is not this Joseph’s son?” 23  And he said to them, “Doubtless you will quote to me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal yourself.’ What we have heard you did at Capernaum, do here in your hometown as well.” 24  And he said, “Truly, I say to you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.” Luke 4:22-24 (ESV)

We never see Jesus performing miracles in response to coercion or manipulation.

22  For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, 1 Corinthians 1:22 (ESV)

2. The message of Jesus to His hometown
25  “…But in truth, I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut up three years and six months, and a great famine came over all the land, 26  and Elijah was sent to none of them but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 27  And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.” Luke 4:25-27 (ESV)

13  And Elijah said to her, “Do not fear; go and do as you have said. But first make me a little cake of it and bring it to me, and afterward make something for yourself and your son. 14  For thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘The jar of flour shall not be spent, and the jug of oil shall not be empty, until the day that the LORD sends rain upon the earth.’” 1 Kings 17:13-14 (ESV)

11  But Naaman was angry and went away, saying, “Behold, I thought that he would surely come out to me and stand and call upon the name of the LORD his God, and wave his hand over the place and cure the leper.” 2 Kings 5:11 (ESV)

Both of Jesus’ stories involved individuals who were outside of Israel, or Gentiles, and both stories involved individuals who had to believe God’s word before the miracle occurred.

3. The persecution of Jesus by His hometown
28  When they heard these things, all in the synagogue were filled with wrath. 29  And they rose up and drove him out of the town and brought him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, so that they could throw him down the cliff. 30  But passing through their midst, he went away. Luke 4:28-30 (ESV)

Jesus often eluded the authorities or a hostile crowd simply because it was not God’s time, which reminds us that God is in control.

11 He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. John 1:11 (ESV)

Homecoming: Luke 4:14-21

Luke 4:14-21

1. The empowerment of Jesus’ Worship
14  And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country. 15  And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all. Luke 4:14-15 (ESV)

The secret of our Savior’s success directly relates to the power of the Spirit.

2. The consistency of Jesus’ Worship
16  And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. Luke 4:16 (ESV)

 “As was His custom” informs us that Jesus obediently and consistently worshiped on the Sabbath.

25  not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near. Hebrews 10:25 (ESV)

3. The message of Jesus’ Worship
17  And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written, 18  “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, 19  to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” Luke 4:17-19 (ESV)

1  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; 2  to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; Isaiah 61:1-2 (ESV)

6  “Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the straps of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke? Isaiah 58:6 (ESV)

Kent Hughes: Jesus was obviously saying two things. First, the consolation of Israel promised long before by Isaiah found its ultimate expression in Jesus and his message. And second, while "the day of vengeance of our God" would come (Isaiah 61:2b), it was not being fulfilled on that day. What was being fulfilled that day was "the year [i.e., the season] of the Lord's favor." Matthew 5:3

Jesus used the idea of blindness to sight to help explain His plans for the Apostle Paul. Acts 26:17-18

10  And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, when each of you shall return to his property and each of you shall return to his clan. Leviticus 25:10 (ESV)

4. The application of Jesus’ Worship
20  And he rolled up the scroll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21  And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4:20-21 (ESV)

The people of Nazareth did not see any prisoners gain their freedom or any blind people recover their sight, but they did hear Jesus preach the gospel, and when they heard it, Isaiah’s prophecy came true. 2 Corinthians 8:9

Jesus' Temptation: Part 2 (The Battle from a Specific Perspective): Luke 4:3-12

Jesus’ Temptation: Part 2
(The Battle from a Specific Perspective)
Luke 4:3-12

1. The Devil wanted Jesus to Doubt God’s Provision (Appetites and Abilities)
3  The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” 4  And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.’” Luke 4:3-4 (ESV)

25  I have been young, and now am old, yet I have not seen the righteous forsaken or his children begging for bread. Psalm 37:25 (ESV)

The devil was casting doubt on what God said, as he loves to do. And if Jesus was the Son of God, then why was he on the verge of starvation? How could this be God’s will for his life? 1 Corinthians 10:31; John 4:34; Matthew 6:25-26

3  And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD. Deuteronomy 8:3 (ESV)

2. The Devil wanted Jesus to Doubt God’s Plan (Ambition and Authority)
5  And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, 6  and said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will. 7  If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” 8  And Jesus answered him, “It is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’” Luke 4:5-8 (ESV); Psalm 2:7-8

God’s pattern: We start with suffering and then end with glory.

25  And he said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26  Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” Luke 24:25-26 (ESV); 1 Peter 5:10

Satan’s pattern is that we start with glory and end with suffering.

13  It is the LORD your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear. Deuteronomy 6:13 (ESV)

3. The Devil wanted Jesus to Doubt God’s Promises (Attentiveness and Ability)
9  And he took him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, 10  for it is written, “‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’
11  and “‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’” 12  And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’” Luke 4:9-12 (ESV)

11  For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways. 12  On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone. Psalm 91:11-12 (ESV)

The temptation made by Satan was to, in essence, force God into a corner so that He has to act.

16  “You shall not put the LORD your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah. 17  You shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and his testimonies and his statutes, which he has commanded you. Deuteronomy 6:16-17 (ESV)

Jesus' Temptation: Part 1 (The Battle from a General Perspective): Luke 4:1-2

Jesus’ Temptation: Part 1
(The Battle from a General Perspective)
Luke 4:1-2

1. Jesus overcame temptation in the worst of all possible conditions
1 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness 2 for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry. Luke 4:1-2 (ESV)

MacArthur: Adam faced temptation in the best possible surroundings, the garden of Eden. Jesus faced temptation in the worst imaginable setting—the wasteland of the Judean desert.

2. Jesus fought many and varied temptations consistently with the same weaponry
3  The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” 4  And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone.’” 5  And the devil took him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time, 6  and said to him, “To you I will give all this authority and their glory, for it has been delivered to me, and I give it to whom I will.
7  If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours.” 8  And Jesus answered him, “It is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve.’”
9  And he took him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here, 10  for it is written, “‘He will command his angels concerning you, to guard you,’ 11  and “‘On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’” 12  And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’” Luke 4:3-12 (ESV)

Jesus was anchored in the Father’s love to endure the battle
22   . . . “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.” Luke 3:22 (ESV); 1 John 4:10

Jesus was filled with the empowerment of the Spirit during the battle
1  And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness Luke 4:1 (ESV); Ephesians 5:15-18

Jesus’ wielded the sword of God’s Word offensively in the battle
17  and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, Ephesians 6:12-17 (ESV)

Jesus prayed in preparation for the battle
21  Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, Luke 3:21 (ESV); Ephesians 6:18

3. Jesus’ battle against the spiritual forces of darkness had only just begun
13  And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from him until an opportune time. Luke 4:13 (ESV); Matthew 16:23; James 4:7; James 1:13

Adam, though created perfect, gave in to temptation, and passed sin onto the whole human race. Jesus, by contrast, resisted Satan.

Jesus, who could not sin, endured temptation in greater fashion than we can even imagine. Why was Jesus tempted? The simple answer . . . for us!

18  For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. Hebrews 2:18 (ESV)

Son of Man, Son of God: Luke's Genealogy: Luke 3:23-38

Son of Man, Son of God: Luke’s Genealogy
Luke 3:23-38

1. What is the general significance of the genealogy in Luke’s gospel?

Genealogy gives us a humble perspective of where we fit into the panorama of history.

2. How do we answer the technical issues of the genealogy in Luke’s gospel?

23  Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24  the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25  the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26  the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27  the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28  the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29  the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30  the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31  the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32  the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, 33  the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34  the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35  the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36  the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37  the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, 38  the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. Luke 3:23-38 (ESV)

Matthew traces Jesus through Joseph (his legal father) to David’s son, Solomon the king, by whom Christ rightfully inherited the throne of David. Luke’s purpose, on the other hand, is to show Christ as an actual human.

Jeconiah: 30  Thus says the LORD: “Write this man down as childless, a man who shall not succeed in his days, for none of his offspring shall succeed in sitting on the throne of David and ruling again in Judah.” Jeremiah 22:30 (ESV)

MacArthur: Jesus could be legitimately Israel’s king despite being the descendent of Jeconiah (Matt 1:11). Jesus was the legal, but not physical, descendant of Jeconiah through Joseph. That avoided the curse that the Lord pronounced on Jeconiah, that none of his descendants would ever be king.

3. How do we better understand Jesus and His ministry from the genealogy in Luke’s gospel?

23  Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli,  . . . 38  the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. Luke 3:23, 38 (ESV)

Arthur A. Just: “Jesus now embraces in himself every generation from Adam, the beginning of humanity. As such he now proceeds in his work as Messiah to redeem the humanity he bears in his own flesh. He is both son of Adam and Son of God, both true God and true man, with these two natures in one person.”

17  Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. Hebrews 2:17 (ESV)

John’s Baptism of Jesus: Luke 3:21-22

John’s Baptism of Jesus
Luke 3:21-22

1. The Son’s Baptism
21  Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying . . .  Luke 3:21 (ESV); John 1:33-34

13  Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14  John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” 15  But Jesus answered him, “Let it be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he consented. Matthew 3:13-15 (ESV)

3 fold role of Jesus’ choice to partake in John’s Baptism

1.      Jesus’ baptism represents an endorsement of John’s ministry and message

2.      Jesus’ baptism shows how Jesus identified himself with people as he began his ministry: the baptism is like an inauguration, a call to begin the mission for which Jesus was always headed.

50  I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how great is my distress until it is accomplished! Luke 12:50 (ESV)

3.      In the anointing of the Spirit, Jesus emerges as the coming one to whom John pointed and who brings the greater baptism. Luke 3:16

2. The Spirit’s Anointing
21   . . . the heavens were opened, 22  and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove . . .  Luke 3:21-22 (ESV)

The Spirit’s descending symbolized the Spiritual empowerment, leading, and confirming of Jesus upon His life and ministry. Isaiah 11:1-2; Isaiah 42:1

1  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; Isaiah 61:1 (ESV)

3. The Father’s Testimony
22   . . .  and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.” Luke 3:21-22 (ESV)

37 And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His voice you have never heard, his form you have never seen, John 5:37 (ESV); 1 John 5:9-11

There are three parts of the Father’s testimony:

A reference to the Son
7  I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you. Psalm 2:7 (ESV)

It also echoes God’s declaration of Jesus, Israel’s king and ultimately to Israel’s Messiah.

A reference to the Beloved
8  But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the offspring of Abraham, my friend; Isaiah 41:8 (ESV)

A reference to God’s being pleased with the Son
The Father was pleased with the Son’s obedience.

1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations. Isaiah 42:1 (ESV)

Gospel Boldness: Luke 3:18-20

Gospel Boldness
Luke 3:18-20

1. Bold Communication
18  So with many other exhortations he preached good news to the people. Luke 3:18 (ESV)

The use of “other” indicates that John preached about much more than simply what Luke recorded.

John’s preaching was not only about turning from sin through repentance, but it also included a turning to God’s anticipated provision of salvation in Christ by faith, which identifies the true gospel.

16  For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. Romans 1:16 (ESV)

2. Bold Correction
19  But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Herodias, his brother’s wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done, Luke 3:19 (ESV)

3  For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, 2 Timothy 4:3 (ESV)

17  The former proclaim Christ out of selfish ambition, not sincerely but thinking to afflict me in my imprisonment. Philippians 1:17 (ESV)

The verb tense indicates John continuously challenged the character of Herod and Herodias.

3. Bold Consequences
20  added this to them all, that he locked up John in prison. Luke 3:20 (ESV)

Often, one in sin seeks to remove the source of exposure rather than heed a warning of love.

8  Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony about our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but share in suffering for the gospel by the power of God, 2 Timothy 1:8 (ESV)

58  Therefore, my beloved brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord your labor is not in vain. 1 Corinthians 15:58 (ESV)

John: the Ultimate Role Player: Luke 3:15-17

John: the Ultimate Role Player
Luke 3:15-17

1. The Question of John’s Role in Relation to the Christ
15  As the people were in expectation, and all were questioning in their hearts concerning John, whether he might be the Christ, Luke 3:15 (ESV)

19  And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20  He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” 21 And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” And he answered, “No.”
22  So they said to him, “Who are you? We need to give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” John 1:19-22 (ESV)

2. The Disposition of John’s Role in Relation to the Christ
16  John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. Luke 3:16 (ESV)

Threefold priority of Jesus: Jesus is stronger than John, he brings a better baptism than John, and he is the Judge.

John knew and understood his role.

27  John answered, “A person cannot receive even one thing unless it is given him from heaven.” John 3:27 (ESV) . . . the key principle

Point: we must content ourselves with the place and provision that the Sovereign God has given us, seeking only to be faithful to Him.

A Joyful Attitude
29  The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete. John 3:29 (ESV)

A Humble resolution
30  He must increase, but I must decrease. John 3:30 (ESV)

3  For by the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think with sober judgment, each according to the measure of faith that God has assigned. Romans 12:3 (ESV)

3. The Purpose of John’s Role in Relation to the Christ
17  His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.” Luke 3:17 (ESV)

Water may cleanse what is outside, but fire purifies that which is within, namely the heart.

49  “I came to cast fire on the earth, and would that it were already kindled! 50  I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how great is my distress until it is accomplished! 51  Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth? No, I tell you, but rather division. 52  For from now on in one house there will be five divided, three against two and two against three. 53  They will be divided, father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.” Luke 12:49-53 (ESV)

The Breastpiece: Exodus 28:15-30

The Breastpiece
Exodus 28:15-30

1. God’s promise and the breastpiece
17 You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row; 18 and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond; 19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20 and the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold filigree. Exodus 28:17-20 (ESV)

The word translated "breastpiece" means "ornament," and the priest’s role as representative was symbolized in this article of clothing.

12 And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there. Genesis 2:12 (ESV)

13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, emerald, and carbuncle; and crafted in gold were your settings and your engravings. On the day that you were created they were prepared. Ezekiel 28:13 (ESV)

19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth onyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst. Revelation 21:19-20 (ESV)

It appears as though the high priest’s breastplate looks back at Eden and forward to the New Jerusalem, picturing a promise of restoration to Paradise lost. (vv. 17-21)

2. God’s people and the breastpiece

21 There shall be twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel. They shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes. Exodus 28:21 (ESV)

9 You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 10 six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth. Exodus 28:9-10 (ESV)

The names engraved into the onyx stones on the High Priest’s shoulders represents the commonality and unity that we have in Christ, while the diversity of precious stones with the engraved names of the tribes represents our diverse make-up as a thing of beauty.

3. God’s placement and the breastpiece
29 So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular remembrance before the LORD. Exodus 28:29 (ESV)

The gold chains secured the breastpiece next to the priest’s heart, signifying the love of God for His people, His concern for their interests, and serving as an article of remembrance before the Lord.

Genuine Repentance: Luke 3:7-14

Genuine Repentance: Luke 3:7-14

1. A False Picture of Repentance

         -A sarcastic rebuke

7  He said therefore to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Luke 3:7 (ESV)

          -A charge to bear fruit

8 Bear fruits in keeping with repentance . . . Luke 3:8 (ESV)

19 . . .I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but declared first to those in Damascus, then in Jerusalem and throughout all the region of Judea, and also to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds in keeping with their repentance. Acts 26:19-20 (ESV)

          -A warning about relying on heritage

8 . . .And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham. Luke 3:8 (ESV)

7 Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham. 29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise. Galatians 3:7, 29 (ESV)

          -A reminder of imminent judgment

9 Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Luke 3:9 (ESV)

48 ‘where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched.’ Mark 9:48 (ESV)

2. A True Picture of Repentance

          -The fruit of repentance for the crowd

10 And the crowds asked him, “What then shall we do?”
11 And he answered them, “Whoever has two tunics is to share with him who has none, and whoever has food is to do likewise.” Luke 3:10-11 (ESV)

13 Go and learn what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.’ For I came not to call the righteous, but sinners. Matthew 9:13 (ESV)

          -The fruit of repentance for tax collectors

12 Tax collectors also came to be baptized and said to him, “Teacher, what shall we do?” 13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than you are authorized to do.” Luke 3:12-13 (ESV)

8 And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.” Luke 19:8 (ESV)

          -The fruit of repentance for soldiers

14 Soldiers also asked him, “And we, what shall we do?” And he said to them, “Do not extort money from anyone by threats or by false accusation, and be content with your wages.” Luke 3:14 (ESV)

God's Purpose for John the Baptist's Ministry: Luke 3:1-6

God’s Purpose for John the Baptist’s Ministry

1. God’s purpose for John’s ministry in a dark world
1  In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas . . . Luke 3:1-2 (ESV)

John’s ministry was inserted into a complex political situation.

2. God’s purpose for John’s ministry through his message
2   . . . the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3  And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. Luke 3:2-3 (ESV)

The specific use of “word” (rhema) infers a particular message of God rather than the entire scope of the message. (logos)

Repentance produces a life lived with a sense of responsibility before a sovereign God. It is an internal attitude that aims at a product. (Darrell Bock)

Forgiveness comes to those who acknowledge and turn from their sins in repentance.

6  “Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near; 7  let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; let him return to the LORD, that he may have compassion on him, and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon. Isaiah 55:6-7 (ESV)

16  John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. Luke 3:16 (ESV)

4  And Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus.” Acts 19:4 (ESV)

3. God’s purpose for John’s ministry as fulfilled prophecy
4  As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
5  Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough places shall become level ways,
6  and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’” Luke 3:4-6 (ESV)

John’s ministry is a fulfillment of Isaiah 40:3-5:

3  A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. 4  Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain. 5  And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the LORD has spoken.” Isaiah 40:3-5 (ESV)

The highway that clears the way for God is a purified heart.

The highway refers to a means of access to God and His city is found in Isaiah 57:14 and 62:10. (Bock) Isaiah 57:14-15

The Boy Wonder: Luke 2:39-52

The Boy Wonder


1. The childhood growth before Jesus’ first Passover

39 And when they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth. 40 And the child grew and became strong, filled with wisdom. And the favor of God was upon him. Luke 2:39-40 (ESV)


2. The background of Jesus’ first Passover
41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up according to custom. Luke 2:41-42 (ESV)


Jesus trip at twelve was significant because in another year, as a thirteen-year-old, Jesus would officially become a "son of the commandment," a full member of the synagogue (cf. Mishnah, Niddah5:6), similar to the modern custom of bar mitzvah


3. The problem after Jesus’ first Passover
43  And when the feast was ended, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not know it, 44  but supposing him to be in the group they went a day’s journey, but then they began to search for him among their relatives and acquaintances, 45  and when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem, searching for him.Luke 2:43-45 (ESV)


4. The knowledge of Jesus at the time of His first Passover
46  After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47  And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.Luke 2:46-47 (ESV)


5. The parent’s distress in Jesus’ first Passover

48  And when his parents saw him, they were astonished. And his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.”Luke 2:48 (ESV)


Mary wanted to know why Jesus did such a “seemingly” insensitive thing, which prepares for Jesus to reveal His identityand the fact that His parents must come to understandHis mission.

Kent Hughes: The point is, he (Jesus) was capable of unknowinglycausing his parents distress; but as a sinless being, he was incapable of knowinglydoing it. 

6. The insight of His mission at the time of Jesus’ first Passover
49  And he said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?”50  And they did not understand the saying that he spoke to them. 51  And he went down with them and came to Nazareth and was submissive to them. And his mother treasured up all these things in her heart.Luke 2:49-51 (ESV)John 5:17-18 (ESV)


Jesus’ response is not so much a reproach about having right priorities as it was a declaration of His mission.


7. The adulthood growth after Jesus’ first Passover
52  And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man.Luke 2:52 (ESV)


Rod Matoon: Jesus grew mentally(wisdom). As a human, there were things He needed to learn. He matured physically(stature), spiritually(favor with God), and socially(favor with men). 

Nunc Dimittis ([You] Now Dismiss) . . . Simeon's Song

Nunc Dimittis([You] now dismiss)

Luke 2:25-35


1. The Praise of God’s Faithfulness
29  “Lord, now you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word; Luke 2:29 (ESV)


Now may release (or depart): expresses a servant’s release from a task.


2. The Salvation of God’s People
30  for my eyes have seen your salvation 31  that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, 32  a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to your people Israel.” 33  And his father and his mother marveled at what was said about him. Luke 2:30-33 (ESV)


A strong tie exists between salvation and the one who personifiesit. 


Light and glory should be seen in parallelas descriptive of the salvation found in 2:30. (Isaiah 60:1-3)


Jesus as light brings salvation to all humanity, illuminatingthem into God’s way.


Through Jesus as the light, attention of all people is drawnto Israel (Is 49:6).

6  he says: “It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to bring back the preserved of Israel; I will make you as a light for the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” Isaiah 49:6 (ESV);Ephesians 2:14; Isaiah 42:6;

Isaiah 52:10.

1  Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the LORDhas risen upon you. 2  For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and thick darkness the peoples; but theLORDwill arise upon you, and his glory will be seen upon you. 3  And nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising. Isaiah 60:1-3 (ESV)


3. The Division that God Brings

34  And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed 
35  (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”Luke 2:34-35 (ESV)

51  Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth? No, I tell you, but rather division.Luke 12:51 (ESV)

Jesus exposeswhat is really in our hearts. 

15 And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken.” Isaiah 8:14-15 (ESV)

16  therefore thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I am the one who has laid as a foundation in Zion,a stone, a tested stone,a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation:‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’Isaiah 28:16 (ESV)


Isaiah 8 and 28 connect the Messiah with the personificationof God’s deliverance and the agentof His justice. 1 Peter 2:7-8.


Sign to be opposed: means to speak against,reject, to deny, or to contradict. Matthew 12:48-50